Home Energy: Average Gas & Electricity Usage UK

Average electricity and gas consumption uk

Are you paying too much for your energy? Find out the average electricity usage and average gas usage rates for UK households right here to see if you are paying more than most!

Average energy consumption rates in the UK can show you how much gas and electricity you should be using every year. If you are miles over the average rate for the size of your household, it is a good sign that you could be wasting a lot of energy and should try to be more energy efficient to cut down on your bills.

These rates for the UK can also help you get an accurate quote when comparing energy providers. Remember: the more accurate your quote, the better you know how much you could save when you switch!

Average electricity and gas usage is calculated using ‘Typical Domestic Consumption Values’ (TDCV). These values are calculated and reassessed every two years by the energy regulator Ofgem. They were most recently reassessed in 2020.

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Average electricity usage for UK households

Electricity is more expensive than gas, so if a lot of your household appliances are electric (e.g. your boiler or oven), your energy bills will likely be higher than households’ that power such appliances with gas.

In general, electricity usage in the UK is lower than gas consumption. The table below shows the most recent annual average electricity usage UK figures for small, medium and large households.

Average electricity usage UK
Fuel Level of consumption Consumption
Electricity Low (1-2 bedrooms/flat) 1,800 kWh
Medium (3-4 bedrooms) 2,900 kWh
High (5+ bedrooms) 4,300 kWh

Average electricity usage for Economy 7

Customers on Economy 7 tariffs typically use more electricity than consumers with standard meters, prepayment meters or smart meters. The latest UK average electricity usage for Economy 7 customers are listed in the table below.

Fuel Level of consumption Consumption
Electricity Low (1-2 bedrooms/flat) 2,400 kWh
Medium (3-4 bedrooms) 4,200 kWh
High (5+ bedrooms) 7,100 kWh

When getting a quote for an Economy 7 tariff, you will be asked for your typical electricity split, meaning what percentage of your average electricity consumption takes place in the day and how much at night. This is important as Economy 7 tariffs charge two different electricity rates: one during peak hours and one during off-peak hours.

The average electricity split for Economy 7 customers in the UK is listed in the following table.

Peak hours (day) Off-peak hours (night)
58% 42%

Average gas usage for UK households

As we mentioned earlier, households in the UK typically use more gas than electricity. In fact, the average gas usage for UK households is typically more than double than the average electricity consumption. As a result, the unit rate for gas is cheaper than the unit rate for electricity.

The table below shows the most recent annual average gas usage UK figures for small, medium and large households.

Average gas usage UK
Fuel Level of consumption Consumption
Gas Low (1-2 bedrooms/flat) 8,000 kWh
Medium (3-4 bedrooms) 12,000 kWh
High (5+ bedrooms) 17,000 kWh

How much energy do you use?

energy calculator

All of the rates we have discussed above are averages. You might find you use more than the average electricity usage rates and/or less than the average gas usage rates mentioned.

Here at Selectra, we want to help you get the best energy deal possible and part of that involves getting the most accurate quote. The best way to get an accurate quote is to know your actual gas and electricity usage.

Use our handy energy usage calculator to see how much energy you use per year in just a few minutes. Simply tell us how many bedrooms and occupants your home has, whether you use gas or electricity to heat your house, water and cook, and what electric appliances you have, and we can tell you how much energy you use.

You can use this personalised usage rate to compare providers and find the best deal for your household.

Tariff Comparison Rate

When comparing providers, the ‘Tariff Comparison Rate’ (TCR) listed on most energy plans can help you more accurately estimate what you are likely to spend on that tariff.

The TCR figure represents the cost per unit of energy (kWh), while also including factors such as the standing charge and any discounts applied to the tariff, making it much easier to accurately and quickly compare prices.

13213 kWh (annual gas usage) x 4.4 p/kWh (TCR) = £581.37 (estimated yearly cost)

Want to find the cheapest deals on the market?Check you our guides on the cheapest electricity provider and the cheapest gas supplier for 2020.

What is the average daily energy usage?

The exact amount of gas and electricity that you use per day will vary depending on the appliances that you use, the day of the week (most households use more energy on weekends), and the season (average usage levels rise during the winter).

The following figures give an estimate of the average electricity usage and average gas usage per day in the UK.

  • Electricity: 8 - 10 kWh per day
  • Gas: 33 - 38 kWh per day

Average electricity and gas bill

Gas and electricity bills vary based on a number of factors, including:

  • The region you live in - unit rates and standing charges vary between areas
  • You energy supplier - suppliers charge different rates
  • Type of tariff you are on - variable tariffs are typically more expensive than fixed-rate tariffs
  • Your energy usage - the amount of energy you use will affect how much you pay

The tables below give you an idea of the average energy bill for a UK household based on the average usage rates discussed above. We have broken these down into the average gas bill, average electricity bill, average dual fuel bill for a variable tariff, and the average dual fuel bill for a fixed-rate tariff.

Average electricity bill UK
Consumption Monthly cost Annual cost
Low (1-2 bedrooms/flat) £34 £403
Medium (3-4 berooms) £49 £590
High (5+ bedrooms) £70 £846
Average gas bill UK
Consumption Monthly cost Annual cost
Low (1-2 bedrooms/flat) £33 £392
Medium (3-4 berooms) £48 £572
High (5+ bedrooms) £66 £793
Average dual fuel bill for a variable tariff
Consumption Monthly cost Annual cost
Low (1-2 bedrooms/flat) £67 £802
Medium (3-4 berooms) £97 £1164
High (5+ bedrooms) £136 £1638
Average dual fuel bill for a fixed-rate tariff
Consumption Monthly cost Annual cost
Low (1-2 bedrooms/flat) £53 £640
Medium (3-4 berooms) £75 £899
High (5+ bedrooms) £103 £1231

In the most recent estimate from March 2020, Ofgem found that the average yearly energy bill for a standard variable tariff totalled £1,177 for gas and electricity (dual fuel tariff).

As you can see from the tables above, you can greatly reduce your energy bill by simply switching from a variable tariff to a fixed-rate tariff. In some cases, you could save as much as £300 by making the switch! Give Selectra a call today on 020 3936 0059 to switch to a cheaper tariff.

What are my costs made up of?

Ever wondered what you are actually paying for with your bill? Your energy bill is made up of two main costs.

1. Unit Rates

flame, bill, money

Both gas and electricity use is measured in kilowatt-hours (kWh) and the unit rate is the same thing as the price per gallon of petrol if you own a car. Gas and electricity prices are never the same with gas being much cheaper per unit. If you have both in your home, you will end up using more gas than electricity because of heating and cooking.

Just keep in mind that the unit rate determines the cost of your usage which is the main part of your bill. Just like when you fill up your car and you try to find the petrol station with the best price per gallon, it’s worth going the extra mile to find a supplier with lower unit rates.

2. Standing Charge

Unlike your car, however, you don’t go out and fill up on electricity or natural gas, it’s delivered to you through the national grid instead. The standing charge is just that, a delivery fee for your energy, like an 'Amazon Prime' subscription that keeps your lights on for one flat daily fee.

While standing charges don’t increase with the number of kWh, they do accumulate daily so you should definitely keep an eye out for them.

UK average energy usage compared to other countries

In general. the UK's average gas consumption is below the European average, and its average electrcity consumption is slightly above the European average.

It is rather difficult to accurately compare gas consumption with other parts of the world due to differentiating alternatives. However, electricity remains a constant, so we have been able to compare a number of European and worldwide countries to see how much electricity we consume per average household in comparison. Bear in mind that climates and technological advancement (etc.) can affect a country’s general consumption habits. In the below graphs we are using information provided via the World Energy Council for the year 2018.

Average electricity consumption per household - Europe (2018)

In this graph we can see that there are countries in Europe that are both lower and higher in average consumption than the UK. We could say that in terms of the countries that we have compared here, we are about average.

Average electricity consumption per household - World (2014)

In relation to the countries compared in this graph, the UK has a rather low consumption, joining just Argentina and South Africa in the 3,000s. As we can see here, the United States consumes around three times as much as we do; however, Saudi Arabia consumes almost twice as much as the United States!

See more information about how the UK compares in terms of European electricity consumption by taking a look at our Electricity Prices in Europe Compared guide.

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